The 2011 bomber in Oslo set up an agricultural business as a cover to enable him to obtain nitrogen fertiliser to make the Improvised Explosive Device (IED) used in the attack.
The UK’s experience of terrorism over many decades prompted the agricultural supply industry set up a government-backed security and traceability scheme to prevent, the purchase of fertilisers by non-bona fide individuals.
Set up by AIC in 2006 , the Fertiliser Industry Assurance Scheme (FIAS), is a voluntary scheme which has since played a vital role in ensuring robust control and traceability of fertilisers throughout the British fertiliser supply chain, from manufacture, import, storage, merchanting and transport through to the end user. Unless the potential terrorist is actually a farmer, FIAS prevents acquisition and misuse of fertilisers for terrorist purposes.
The National Counter Terrorism Security Office (NaCTSO) website www.secureyourfertiliser.gov.uk offers detailed advice to farmers, growers, land-owners and farm staff on how to store fertilisers securely.
A five point plan for securing fertilisers on farm, which appears on the website (below), is also available in leaflet form from AIC.
If suppliers or users of fertilisers notice anything that they suspect may be connected with the misuse of fertiliser, they should contact the anti-terrorist hotline on 0800 789321 or their local police force.
Full details of the FIAS scheme and a register of accredited fertiliser companies can be obtained from the AIC Trade Assurance website.
NaCTSO Fertiliser Security Five Point Plan for securing fertilisers on farm.