Feed Additives Legislation
Regulation 1831/2003 on additives for use in animal nutrition
Only authorised feed additives can be put on the market and used for animal feed in the EU. Regulation 1831/2003 lays down the procedure for the authorisation of feed additives and covers:
- additives (including vitamins, colourants, flavourings, binders, coccidiostats, and non-antibiotic growth promoters) authorised for use in animal feed.
- Information to be provided to purchasers on labels of feed additives and premixtures.
The process for authorisation requires:
- a scientific evaluation by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and;
- European Commission authorisation, in agreement with Member States.
‘Feed additives’ means:-
substances, micro-organisms or preparations, other than feed material and premixtures, which are intentionally added to feed or water in order to perform, in particular, one or more of the functions mentioned in Article 5(3);
Regulation 1831/2003 states that a feed additive shall be allocated to one or more of the following categories, depending on its functions and properties:-
(a) technological additives: any substance added to feed for a technological purpose;
(b) sensory additives: any substance, the addition of which to feed improves or changes the organoleptic properties of the feed, or the visual characteristics of the food derived from animals;
(c) nutritional additives;
(d) zootechnical additives: any additive used to affect favourably the performance of animals in good health or used to affect favourably the environment;
(e) coccidiostats and histomonostats.
Regulation 2019/962 amends Annex I to Regulation 1831/2003 and establishes two new functional groups of feed additives:-
(a) other technological additives: substances or, when applicable, microorganisms added to feed for a technological purpose and which favourably affect the characteristics of the feed;
(b) physiological condition stabilisers: substances or, when applicable microorganisms, which, when fed to animals in good health, favourably affect their physiological condition, including their resilience to stress factors.
Regulation 1831/2003 also states that the feed additive shall:-
(a) favourably affect the characteristics of feed,
(b) favourably affect the characteristics of animal products,
(c) favourably affect the colour of ornamental fish and birds,
(d) satisfy the nutritional needs of animals,
(e) favourably affect the environmental consequences of animal production,
(f) favourably affect animal production, performance or welfare, particularly by affecting the gastro-intestinal flora or digestibility of feedingstuffs, or
(g) have a coccidiostatic or histomonostatic effect.
Antibiotics, other than coccidiostats or histomonostats, shall not be authorised as feed additives.
Associated legislation and guidance
Commission Regulation 429/2008 provides detailed rules as regards the preparation and the presentation of applications and the assessment and the authorisation of feed additives.
Article 29 of Regulation 767/2009 amends the feed additive and premixture labelling requirements
The Register of Authorised Feed Additives provides information about the status of feed additives, the animals for which the feed additive has been authorised and the relevant conditions for use.
Regulation 892/2010 sets out that certain substances or product types are not feed additives within the scope of Regulation 1831/2003 (e.g. sodium carbonate and glucosamine).
As stated in Section 2, Commission Recommendation 25/2011 establishes guidelines for the distinction between feed materials, feed additives, biocidal products and veterinary medicinal products. This recommendation is not legally binding.
Commission Regulation No 230/2013 concerns the withdrawal from the market of certain feed additives belonging to the group of flavouring and appetising substances.
Commission Regulation No 2017/1145 also lists certain feed additives being withdrawn from the market.
The application of Regulation 1831/2003 in England is provided for by The Animal Feed (Composition, Marketing and Use) (England) Regulations 2015 (SI 2015 No. 255).
Separate but parallel legislation applies in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
The FSA website provides guidance on the following:-
- Categories of feed additives;
- Authorised additives;
- Maximum levels of canthaxanthin in animal feed.
FEFANA has published the“EU Code of practice on voluntary labelling particulars (claims) for feed additives and premixtures".