Continual Professional Development

FAR - Continual Professional Development 2020-21

Helping to tackle AMR through the management of a nutritionally balanced and sustainable livestock diet

CPD 2020- 21 – Monogastric & Ruminant

The aim of FAR CPD is to build upon the knowledge feed advisers have already gained in the core modules 1-4. CPD topics provide training in areas and issues which are current in the livestock industry. Completing CPD will raise understanding and increase the professionalism of the register.

Aim of CPD is to increase understanding of:

  • How antimicrobial resistance has developed and why it is a problem
  • The UK and EU policies developed to tackle AMR
  • The role of RUMA and targets for the livestock sector
  • What role good nutrition plays in the reduction of antibiotic use on farms.

Essential knowledge and skills:

  1. Gain knowledge of the key definitions and terminology used within AMR work
  2. Gain an understanding of how antimicrobial resistance develops, how it spreads and its importance in terms of human and animal health
  3. The types of antimicrobial products used on livestock farms
  4. Highest Priority – Critically Important Antibiotics (HP-CIAs)
  5. The UK Policy on antimicrobial resistance and the legislative requirements, farm assurance standards and on farm best practice
  6. The formation of RUMA with the targets and action plans to continue the reduction in the use of antibiotics on farm
  7. The EU policy on antimicrobial resistance and how it fits with the UK policy
  8. Gain an appreciation of the role and responsibility of the livestock sector in antimicrobial stewardship
  9. Understand the progress made to reduce antimicrobial use in the food producing sector
  10. The importance of veterinary health plans on farm and how the development of a holistic approach is important to maintain herd and flock health as one of the pillars in reducing the use of antibiotics on farm 
  11. Why antibiotics are used within individual species and how disease prevention and other strategies such as good nutrition can reduce the reliance on antibiotics

The above essential skills and knowledge to be demonstrated for the livestock species each FAR adviser is qualified to deliver advice for. Separate modules have been developed for dairy, beef, sheep, pigs and poultry.

References and further reading in order of appearance in the course

  1. World Health Organization
    https://www.who.int/health-topics/antimicrobial-resistance
  2. British Veterinary Association’s position on responsible prescribing 
    https://www.bva.co.uk/media/1162/bva-policy-position-on-the-responsible-use-of-antimicrobials-in-food- producing-animals-executive-summary-1.pdf
  3. Critically Important Antimicrobial classification
    https://www.who.int/foodsafety/publications/cia2017.pdf
  4. European Medicines Agency classification of HPCIA 
    https://www.ema.europa.eu/en/news/categorisation-antibiotics-used-animals-promotes-responsible-use- protect-public-animal-health
  5. Alexander Fleming paper
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2048009/
  6. Beach Bums study
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412017312345
  7. Recent studies on link between humans and animal AMR 
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29165596/https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29387833/
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5414261/
  8. Veterinary Medicines Directorate VARSS report 2019
    https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/909987/_1587146-v23-VARSS_2018_Report2019_-accessible.pdf
  9. Food Standards Association summaries on resistance
    https://www.food.gov.uk/sites/default/files/media/document/csa-amr-report_0%20%281%29.pdf
  10. Colistin resistance in China
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1473309915004247
  11. Website to access various Reviews on AMR (i.e. O’Neill report)
    https://amr-review.org/
  12. UK Government National Action Plan on AMR
    https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/784894/UK_AMR_5_year_national_action_plan.pdf
  13. European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimicrobial Consumption (ESVAC) Reports
    https://www.ema.europa.eu/en/veterinary-regulatory/overview/antimicrobial-resistance/european- surveillance-veterinary-antimicrobial-consumption-esvac
  14. RUMA 
    https://www.ruma.org.uk/
  15. World Organization for Animal Health 
    https://www.oie.int/en/for-the-media/amr/https://www.oie.int/fileadmin/Home/eng/Our_scientific_expertise/docs/pdf/AMR/Annual_Report_AMR_3.pdf
  16. DISARM project – multi-actor farm health teams
    https://disarmproject.eu/what-we-do/farm-health-toolbox/
  17. Red Tractor standards and medicine courses 
    https://assurance.redtractor.org.uk/standards/search?&p=2 
    https://assurance.redtractor.org.uk/contentfiles/Farmers-6801.pdf?_=636504999253492650
    https://assurance.redtractor.org.uk/contentfiles/Farmers-7061.pdf?_=637340337341846469
  18. Antimicrobial use, pigs and medicated feed studies
    https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2020.00861/fullhttps://porcinehealthmanagement.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40813-020-0145-6
  19. The environment and AMR
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30924539/
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5088501/

CPD 2019-2020 Feed Additives on Farm – Compliance with Maximum Levels

CPD 2019-2020 Feed Additives on Farm – Compliance with Maximum Levels

Competency requirements for Ruminants and Monogastrics, Pig and Poultry

Essential knowledge and skills

To understand all the potential sources of vitamins and trace elements that an animal consumes

  1. For the feeds not directly under your control to know where to obtain estimates of the trace element and vitamin content of the products and be able to calculate how much these supply on a daily basis
  2. To know where to obtain information for the daily vitamin and trace element requirements of the animals
  3. To be aware of the vitamins and trace elements for which daily Maximum Permitted Levels are set
  4. To be able to prepare rations that match the animals’ vitamin and trace element requirements and that do not exceed the mandatory Maximum Permitted Levels where they are set
  5. To understand the potential consequences of over-supply of micronutrients with regard to the effects on animal health, consumers of animal-derived foods, users of the products and the environment
  6. To have an understanding on groupings of feed additives and their function, (e.g. technological, sensory, nutritional, andzootechnical)
  7. To have an understanding of dietetic feeds and their role in animal nutrition
  8. To be aware of the legislation concerning feed additives and dietetics feeds

FAR CPD Year 1 Further Reading

Relevant Regulations

Other documents