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Climate Change


Over the next 40 years, the global food system will have to feed more people with less impact.  This will mean providing a higher quality diet whilst dealing with greater competition for land, water and energy and the economic and political pressures of globalisation as the climate changes.  Our farmers and growers will need to adapt to the changing conditions alongside reducing greenhouse gas emissions.  Greenhouse gases are an inevitable consequence of food production, and the challenge of reducing them whilst increasing food production is huge.

AIC are working across all devolved administrations to meet this challenge without compromising domestic production. In England we are a partner working with other industry organisations to implement the Green House Gas Action Plan (GHGAP).  In Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland we are supporting the implementation of appropriate mitigation and adaptation actions through the respective strategies. 


The Greenhouse Gas Action Plan (GHGAP) sets out how the agriculture industry in England is responding to this challenge.  It shows our commitment to playing our part in tackling climate change by reducing our greenhouse gas emissions by three million tonnes of CO2 equivalent per year from 2018-2022. The GHGAP is one of a range of initiatives that are already helping farming produce more whilst impacting less.

What are we going to do?

We aim to meet this challenge without compromising domestic production. It's too simple a solution to produce less and import more.  This simply "exports" our emissions to other parts of the world.  So our Action Plan focuses on how farmers, across all sectors and farming systems, can become more efficient to help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and make cost savings per unit of production.
Agriculture can also make a big contribution to mitigating climate change by storing carbon in soils and vegetation and by generating renewable energy.  We are determined to show that farming is part of the solution.

How are we going to do this?

We're going to make the most of what's already in place and what new science tells us, so that we get better at what we do.  We're going to use trusted routes of influence to help farmers and land managers carry out the GHGAP's priority actions - by improving their use of energy and nutrients, their management of crops and livestock and reducing their own carbon footprint.

This is an unprecedented partnership of sixteen organisations (and the number is likely to grow) representing the breadth of the agricultural industry in England.   We're going to focus on how we can work better together, with Government and with the food supply chain. We will regularly report on progress so that farmers and land managers can be confident that their changes in farm practice are leading to lower emissions.

Reporting on progress

Substantial emissions reduction from:


The results of a major UK research project on ‘Minimising Nitrous Oxide’ (MIN-NO) have been announced showing emissions due to nitrogen fertiliser use on UK arable land, to be less than half the level previously estimated.

Fertiliser manufacture

Sourcing of nitrogen fertilisers from production facilities which are modified to abate nitrous oxide makes a substantial reduction in the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) footprint of the final marketed product whether it be chicken, cooking oil, whisky or a biofuel product. Choosing fertilisers with the lowest carbon footprint leads to a reduction in the greenhouse gas footprint. For example, bread can be reduced by 7%, bioethanol from wheat by 15% and biodiesel from oilseed rape by 16%.

Devolved administrations

The implementation of adaptation and mitigation actions in the devolved administrations differs in each region. Details of the relevant plans and strategies can be found by following the below links.

Meeting Carbon Budgets – 2014 Progress Report to Parliament - Chapter 6 Only

616kb PDF

1. Introduction and key messages
2. Agriculture emissions: trends and drivers
3. Progress against indicators
4. Incentives to reduce agricultural emissions – the policy framework
5. Land Use, land use change and forestry
6. Summary of progress and revised indicators

GHGAP Progress Report and Phase 2 Delivery

1398kb PDF

Greenhouse Gas Action Plan of the Agriculture Industry in England

GHGAP Report April 2012 executive summary

98kb PDF

Greenhouse Gas Action Plan Of the Agriculture Industry in England
Progress report and Phase II Delivery - Executive summary

GHGAP Delivery Plan - Phase 1

525kb PDF

GHGAP Delivery Plan 04 April 2011
Delivery of Phase 1 : 2010 - 2012

GHGAP position paper March 2011

218kb PDF

Agriculture and Climate Change:
a position paper by the Delivery Partners for the Agricultural Industry Greenhouse Gas Action Plan - October 2010

GHGAP Leaflet

220kb PDF

Greenhouse Gas Action Plan
Over the next 40 years, the global food system will have to feed more people with less impact.

GHGAP - 15 On-Farm Actions to Reduce Emissions

85kb PDF

In order to encourage the continued reduction of GHG emissions from agriculture, it is important to achieve clarity about the on-farm practices that can increase production efficiency and realise GHG emissions reductions per unit production.

GHG Action Plan 2010 as presented to RCCF

185kb PDF

This Action Plan has been developed by the joint agricultural Climate Change Task Force (NFU, CLA and AIC) in consultation with the Industry Partnership

Climate Change Report by AIC, NFU and CLA: Part of the Solution

2330kb PDF

Part of the Solution
Report of the joint NFU/CLA/AIC Climate Change Task Force
Climate Change, Agriculture and Land Management

Status of Agricultural Knowledge Development and Advice

1184kb PDF

This report illustrates the UK’s inherent strategic capability, through updating the understanding of the added value of commercial research and knowledge, and the significant potential from forging effective partnerships between commercial and state-funded activity.

AIC UK Knowledge Development and Advice

2155kb PDF

Summary of the ‘Status of Agricultural Knowledge, Development and Advice’ report

Related documents

  1. Agri-industry to reduce greenhouse gases by 2020 - GHGAP press release 4-4-11


    Organisations representing the agricultural industry in England today (4 April) launched a joint Greenhouse Gas Action Plan (GHGAP) setting out how the industry will reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by three million tonnes of CO2 equivalents from 2018-2022 without compromising domestic production.

  2. Climate Change Task Force - Media Release 10-12-07


    Farming and Government must work together to be 'part of the solution' to climate change

  3. AIC Response to Defra Consultation on mandatory carbon reporting for companies


    Defra consultation – Measuring and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions by UK companies: a consultation on options